According to the forecast of the China Semiconductor Association, by 2025, my country’s chip talent gap may exceed 300,000.
An industry insider in the chip industry said that the long training time and high cost first limited the number of personnel in the chip industry. Due to the high requirements for professionalism and quality in this field, to engage in integrated circuit (chip) work, at least a master’s degree is required, and it takes seven or eight years to train a person on average.
Moreover, after entering the workplace, fresh graduates generally have to go through four or five chip project cycles, each cycle is half a year to two years, and then they can start to “stand alone”. The excellent talents needed by ordinary enterprises can be directly used, while the students who have just graduated need a lot of training and long-term precipitation. There is a big difference between the two. Enterprises are reluctant to accept short-term student practice, and even if they accept it, they will not give students sufficient training opportunities on the grounds of confidentiality.
Therefore, the slow growth rate and long iteration cycle are one of the important reasons for limiting the salary increase of chip talents.
Second, the training cost is high. For schools to train a professional, the required production materials are too expensive to give students the opportunity to practice. Therefore, chip talents basically rely on company training. At the same time, the chip industry is capital-intensive and requires constant investment.
For example, data show that in the past year,HuaweiIn research and development expenses, it invested 14.7 billion US dollars, which is equivalent to the combined research and development expenses of Cisco, Ericsson and Nokia. Most of its spending goes to HiSilicon, the semiconductor subsidiary that carries Huawei’s chip development and sales. In the state of constantly burning money, the tolerance for mistakes is naturally very low, and the requirements for talents will be higher.
However, relevant industry insiders said, “They are also technicians. They have high wages and a good way to do software; they can’t do hardware. Not only is it hard work, but the wages are also low.”