On October 16, the Shenzhou 13 manned spacecraft was successfully launched and completed its autonomous rapid rendezvous and docking with the core module. As of now, the Shenzhou 13 astronaut crew has started a space journey for more than 10 days. On October 24, Zhou Jianping, the chief designer of China’s manned space project, accepted an exclusive interview with a reporter from CCTV’s “Face to Face”, and summarized in detail the results of the key technology verification phase of the space station so far.
God’s twelve multipliers are in good recovery condition
The Shen XII astronaut crew is currently recovering well in mental and physical conditions. Regarding the recovery status of the three people, Zhou Jianping said: “I am familiar with the conditions before their flight. The current status of the three astronauts should be the same as before the flight, but according to the doctor’s request, the process of recovery and recuperation must be completed. So there is no chance to see the public yet.”
At present, the various indicators of the astronauts are normal. In terms of the nutritional collocation of meals for the astronauts, the manned spaceflight workers fully ensure the nutrition and health, and the astronauts all eat according to the designed recipes.
When talking about the weight change of astronauts, Zhou Jianping explained: “Working in orbit for a long time. In a special environment that is completely different from the past living environment, it is normal for the weight to change. After returning to Earth, it can be very different. Quickly recover.”
At present, there are many medical monitoring methods to observe various physical data of astronauts, and medical monitoring will continue for a long time in the future. The Shenzhou 13 astronaut crew will stay in orbit for six months. In the future, the astronauts should stay longer. Zhou Jianping said: “For example, a manned mission to Mars will be a very long mission, which may reach 3 years. The impact of the space environment on humans is very important. How to make decisions, how to take corresponding measures in technology, and how to take corresponding protection in medicine. Measures also need some scientific data to support.”
The robotic arm won its first battle and will complete more complex tasks in the future
In the Shenzhou 12 flight mission, the robotic arm and the astronauts coordinated to complete the mission. In this regard, Zhou Jianping said: “It is actually very difficult to develop a robotic arm. The robotic arm of the International Space Station has been developed since the space shuttle flight in the 1980s, and now they have more than 30 years of experience. We have studied this for the first time. The big space manipulator will succeed once!”
“Moreover, when astronauts carry large things outside the cabin in the future, they will definitely not be able to rely on people alone, and they also need good auxiliary facilities. Through these several exit activities, we have a better grasp of the exit activities. But further exit activities It will become more and more complex, and we will gradually improve and improve to increase efficiency and capabilities.”
In the future, the tasks performed by the robotic arm will be more complex, and the role it assumes will be more important.
Zhou Jianping took solar windsurfing boards as an example to introduce the more complicated tasks that the robotic arm might undertake in the future: “When our space station is built, if we put the solar windsurfing boards in the core module away, we need to pass through the astronauts and machinery. The coordination of the arm, install it in another position of the experiment cabin. Operation tasks like this are more complicated than tasks such as installing equipment, and accomplishing this should be iconic.”
Fruitful results show national strength, inclusive and inclusive to promote international cooperation
The development of China’s manned spaceflight is inseparable from the development and support of the country. When looking back on the rapid development of China’s manned spaceflight since the project was established, Zhou Jianping said: “Different historical periods have different foundations. Our confidence is step by step. As China’s aerospace energy has been developed, the support of the country is very important. Without the strong strength of the entire country, including scientific and technological and economic strength, it is impossible to achieve today’s development results. This is the strength of the entire country. Performance.”
The China Space Station will not only undertake a large number of scientific experiment tasks, but will also be equipped with world-leading scientific experiment equipment. China’s manned spaceflight will actively carry out international cooperation. In this regard, Zhou Jianping looked forward to the future scientific experiment arrangements of the China Space Station: “We plan After the experimental cabin is built, complete scientific experiments in orbit. For example, after we complete the construction phase, we will have a survey telescope. The resolution of this telescope is the same as that of the Hubble telescope, but its field of view is larger. More than 300 times, many international scientists are very interested. We have been promoting work in this area. We will open up our scientific facilities and welcome more scientists to cooperate.”
China’s manned spaceflight will continue to explore outer space
At present, scientific researchers in China’s manned spaceflight are working on key technologies for manned landing on the moon and deepening the demonstration of the plan. Zhou Jianping said: “Everyone has also seen the scaled return capsule carried by the Long March 7 rocket for the first flight. We are equipped with a full-size manned spacecraft’s return capsule on the Long March 5B rocket. This is for the future generation of manned spacecraft to be used in the space station can also be used for manned moon landings. So we are actually continuing to promote In this regard, I believe that we Chinese will definitely make a difference in manned outer space exploration.”
In addition to manned landing on the moon, manned landing on fire will also be an important cause of China’s manned spaceflight. Zhou Jianping expressed firm determination to this: “We will also target Mars to make technical preparations and plan considerations. .Because landing on Mars is more complicated and larger in scale, this is a more challenging undertaking. But we humans will definitely work towards this goal, and we Chinese will definitely work towards this goal.”
Source/ China Manned Spaceflight, CCTV News