According to the website of the Ministry of Transport, recently, the Ministry of Transport, the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, and the National Development and Reform Commission jointly issued the “Opinions on Strengthening the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Truck Drivers” (hereinafter referred to as the “Opinions”).Among them, it is clear to improve the parking and rest conditions for truck drivers; to standardize the new business operations of online freight, explore and promote the filing management system of the Internet road freight information transaction matching platform, and must not induce unreasonable price reductions and overloading of freight vehicles, and truck drivers must not be induced Vicious low-price competition and overtime work. Strictly investigate and punish Internet road freight platforms that damage the legitimate rights and interests of truck drivers and other acts in accordance with the law.
The “Opinions” require that, centering on the concerns of truck drivers, focus on standardizing administrative law enforcement, unblocking complaints and reporting channels, improving working and rest conditions, optimizing the market business environment, improving the social security system, and effectively enhancing the sense of professional gains and professionalism of truck drivers. A sense of belonging, speed up the construction of a strong transportation country, and promote the sustainable and healthy development of the economy and society.
The “Opinions” clarified the following main tasks:
The first is to strictly regulate fair and civilized law enforcement. Strictly follow statutory duties, statutory powers, and statutory procedures to exercise law enforcement powers, and give full play to the important role of law enforcement in regulating market order, maintaining safe development, and promoting social stability. Carry out in-depth special rectification of outstanding problems in the field of law enforcement in transportation, list the rectification lists, and write off accounts one by one, comprehensively correct the problems of arbitrary fines, arbitrary charges, and escrow with fines, deeply analyze and publicly expose typical cases of law enforcement problems discovered . Resolutely clean up various unreasonable penalties involving truck drivers. Strengthen the publicity and popularization of transportation laws and regulations among truck drivers, speed up the improvement of the work mechanism of departmental coordination and joint law enforcement, and insist on administrative penalties andeducateCombining guidance, integrating services in law enforcement, effectively changing law enforcement concepts, optimizing law enforcement methods, regulating law enforcement discretion, strictly abiding by law enforcement procedures, severely cracking down on all types of traffic and transportation violations, and strict law enforcement supervision and discipline accountability. Make administrative law enforcement stronger and more warm.
The second is to unblock the complaint and report channels for truck drivers. Local transportation and public security departments should set up complaint and report hotlines to actively disclose them to the public, and speed up the establishment of a linkage mechanism for telephone acceptance, rapid disposal, and timely feedback to ensure that the calls are made and received, and matters are handled well. Transport complaints and reporting hotlines (including 12345 government service convenience hotline, 12328 transportation service supervision hotline, etc.) should be raised to provincial-level transportation for truck drivers who accept complaints and reports of arbitrary charges, arbitrary fines, and violations of laws and regulations by the management department. The competent department guides and supervises, and insists on handling everything, reporting and investigating, and handling immediately. Strengthen the big data analysis and application of complaints and report calls, and optimize and improve management measures in a timely manner in response to the universality, regularity, and emerging problems in the road freight field.
The third is to simplify the formalities for handling licenses for truck drivers. Strictly implement the “three-in-one” reform of ordinary road freight vehicles, implement vehicle testing and technical grade assessment in accordance with national standards, and promote freight vehicles to “online once, test once, charge once, and mutually recognize results.” Intensify the promotion of road transportation electronic licenses, continue to promote the “trans-provincial administration” of high-frequency government affairs for road transportation employees, and facilitate truck drivers to handle the endorsement of the integrity assessment level of the qualification certificate and the annual inspection of the road transportation certificate. Carry out the qualification certification of scrapped motor vehicle recycling and dismantling enterprises in an orderly manner in accordance with the law, support qualified enterprises to obtain qualifications, and improve the scrapped motor vehicle recycling system.
The fourth is to optimize and adjust the ban on trucks. Deeply carry out the rectification of road height and width restriction facilities and inspection stuck points that prevent the passage of trucks in violation of regulations. In strict accordance with the requirements of the “Measures for the Safety Management of Road Transportation of Dangerous Goods”, share the information of the electronic waybill for road transportation of dangerous goods, and reasonably set the prohibited and restricted areas and time periods for dangerous goods transportation vehicles. Promote the implementation of the deployment requirements of urban distribution truck traffic management, consolidate the results of the city’s 24-hour ban on truck traffic policy, and reasonably ensure the basic traffic needs of trucks on urban roads.
The fifth is to improve the parking and rest conditions for truck drivers. Increase land security for highway service areas, moderately increase the number of truck parking spaces, optimize parking space settings, facilitate truck parking, and incorporate parking services into the highway service quality assessment. In accordance with the principles of demand orientation, system planning, overall planning, step-by-step advancement, innovative models, and resource integration, relying on existing facilities such as logistics parks and gas stations, as well as the network resources of large-scale backbone enterprises such as PetroChina and Sinopec, to accelerate the promotion of “drivers” The construction of “Home” provides convenience for truck drivers to park, rest, eat, wash, shower, and go to the toilet. Guide road freight operators, cargo owners, and delivery logistics companies to scientifically determine the working hours, workload, and labor intensity of truck drivers in accordance with laws and regulations, reasonably determine the time limit for delivery of goods, and protect truck drivers’ rights and interests.
Sixth, crack down on car bandits and road tyrants in accordance with the law. Improve the multi-departmental coordination and linkage mechanism, severely crack down on car bandits and road tyrants, strengthen the management of expressway service areas, parking lots along national and provincial highways, and continue to crack down on criminal forces collecting “protection fees” and stealing vehicle fuel, exhaust emission post-processing devices and cargo And other illegal and criminal acts. Regulate highway truck rescue service behavior, publicize information such as service charges and rescue telephone calls to the society, and must not force the designation of rescue agencies, and must not prevent or hinder the rescue agencies entrusted by the parties from entering the site for service.
Seventh, standardize the new business operations of online freight transport. Improve the management systems of the Internet road freight platform such as the Internet freight platform and the freight information transaction matching platform, establish a joint evaluation work mechanism for online service capabilities related to the Internet freight road transportation business license, strengthen operation monitoring and dynamic management, compact the main responsibility of the enterprise, and standardize Business behavior. Explore and promote the filing management system of the Internet road freight information transaction matching platform, establish a social supervision mechanism, urge platform companies to fully listen to the opinions of platform drivers, and reasonably determine and adjust information service fees, membership fees, pricing rules, bidding mechanisms, and dispatch rules. Rules, and publicity on the platform, shall not induce cargo owners to unreasonably lower prices and overload freight vehicles for over-limit transportation, and shall not induce vicious low-price competition and overtime work by truck drivers. Strictly investigate and punish Internet road freight platforms that damage the legitimate rights and interests of truck drivers and other acts in accordance with the law.
Eighth is to encourage truck drivers to participate in social insurance. Study and improve the social security policies for truck drivers, innovate insurance participation methods, optimize handling services, support intra-city freight platform companies to be included in the pilot occupational injury protection, and effectively safeguard the rights and interests of truck drivers. Promote the liberalization of household registration restrictions for truck drivers to participate in social insurance in the place where they operate, improve social insurance handling services, and improve the fairness and convenience of truck drivers in participating in insurance and enjoying benefits.
Ninth is to rationally guide the supply of the freight market. Strengthen the monitoring and analysis of the operation of the road freight market, regularly release the price index of road freight, guide the market expectations of truck owners and drivers, and promote the reasonable matching of transportation capacity and freight demand. Guide relevant industry associations to regularly release regional road freight price indices, and guide cargo owners, logistics companies, and truck drivers to set prices reasonably. Standardize the management of auto financial products, guide financial institutions to strengthen pre-lending reviews, and reasonably determine the specific auto loan issuance ratio on the basis of prudently assessing the credit status and repayment ability of borrowers.
In terms of safeguard measures, the “Opinions” put forward to strengthen the guidance of party building work. Actively promote party building in the road freight industry in accordance with the working ideas of territorial management, classified policies, and the combination of the party and the masses. Encourage all localities to carry out party building and co-construction, guide and promote road freight enterprises and Internet road freight platforms to establish mobile party members and party branches, use information technology to strengthen the education and guidance of party members and drivers, and create conditions for truck drivers to participate in party organization activities. Carry out activities such as listing party members and drivers, job demonstrations and selection of outstanding party members and drivers, cultivate a group of policy propagandists, safety demonstrators, and style supervisors among party members and drivers, and give full play to the role of grassroots party organizations as a battle fortress and a pioneering role model for party members .
Establish a coordinated linkage mechanism. Relevant departments in all regions should promote the establishment of a coordinated linkage mechanism for the high-quality development of the road freight industry. Based on the work responsibilities of various departments, strengthen policy linkage and coordination, coordinate and solve the problems of truck drivers in a timely manner, and promote the formation of a joint effort to protect the rights and interests of truck drivers.
Consolidate the work responsibilities of all parties. Relevant departments in various regions should attach great importance to the sustained, healthy and stable development of the road freight industry, include the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of truck drivers in the important agenda, study and formulate supporting policies and measures based on local conditions, clarify the division of tasks and time points, and implement the work. Supervise cargo owners, road freight companies, Internet road freight platforms, logistics parks, expressway operation and management units and other entities to change their business concepts, actively create conditions, optimize service methods, and effectively implement various measures to protect the rights and interests of truck drivers .
Create a good atmosphere of public opinion. Make full use of all-media methods such as traditional media and new media to widely publicize policies and measures to protect the rights and interests of truck drivers, so that truck drivers can fully understand the policy guidance and enjoy policy dividends, and actively encourage and guide lawyers and grassroots legal service workers to develop and provide High-quality and efficient public welfare legal services. Organize and carry out warm-hearted activities for truck drivers, jointly launch caring truck drivers and typical deeds publicity activities, tell the story of truck drivers, promote positive energy in the industry, and create a good atmosphere of caring for truck drivers. [Edit: Zhang Kaixin]