Two and a half years ago, a hungry rider named Shao Xinyin suffered a serious traffic accident while delivering meals. He suffered a tibial plateau fracture, lateral malleolus fracture, and three broken ribs. The hospital and lawyers assessed him to be a Grade 9 disability. However, to this day, he has not obtained a work injury certification recognized by law, nor has he received work injury compensation.
He won a labor arbitration in Beijing two years ago, but lost in a subsequent lawsuit in Chongqing, a place where a farmer in Hebei had never worked or even visited.
Ele.me didn’t show up in any of the above links, and the respondent was a company called Dias.
In the new round of labor arbitration, Shao Xinyin faced another company he hadn’t heard of before-Taichang Company.
The lawyer who provided legal aid to him sorted out more companies that he had never heard of but were closely related to this case: for example, a construction company in Tianjin and an outsourcing company in Shanghai, which paid taxes to Shao Xinyin’s wages. This lawyer has been in the industry for 15 years and has handled more than 3,000 cases of migrant workers’ rights protection, but this case still “smeared” him.
Shao Xinyin is one of China’s millions of riders. On weekdays, they wore blue, yellow or other colors of clothing and walked the streets and alleys, supporting the food delivery industry with a market size of more than 600 billion yuan. But when accidents happen, these companies are almost invisible, and riders have a difficult way to defend their rights.
1907 judgments and 0.32% confirmation rate
Shao Xinyin’s story is not alone. The Beijing Zhicheng Legal Aid and Research Center for Migrant Workers (hereinafter referred to as “Zhicheng”), which only represented this case, has received many similar cases in the past two years. These cases have an obvious commonality: the rider is associated with many companies, but it is difficult to determine which company has a labor relationship with, and the platform on which the rider is located is not among them.
In judicial practice, if workers want to protect their rights, the first step is to determine the labor relationship. What Shao Xinyin faces is that they can’t even take this first step.
It seems clear at a glance who the riders work for, and their overalls and the software they use clearly point out the answer. However, at the legal level, the determination of labor relations requires reference to many factors, such as whether the various labor rules and regulations formulated by the employer in accordance with the law are applicable to the laborer, whether the laborer is subject to the labor management of the employer, and whether the laborer is engaged in the employer’s arrangements. Remuneration activities, etc. Judging from the superficial legal arrangements, the takeaway giants do not have anything to do with any specific rider. They are not directly involved in the management of riders’ attendance, and are not responsible for the payment of riders’ wages, social security and personal tax.
Zhicheng conducted a survey for this and analyzed all 1,907 judicial judgments related to the labor relationship of riders since the emergence of the food delivery platform. Research shows that 0.32% of takeaway platforms are now recognized as employers.
This result is achieved through a series of outsourcing. Take Shao Xinyin as an example. First, Ele.me outsourced the distribution business to Dias. Then, according to the statement of Dias in the Chongqing court, this business was then outsourced to Taichang. That is, Shao Xinyin essentially It may be working for Taichang Company. At the same time, Dias Company, Taichang Company and two other companies have paid him wages or paid individual taxes.
Through outsourcing operations, Ele.me successfully has nothing to do with Shao Xinyin legally. But on a factual level, it’s still hungry that they are remotely controlling millions of riders running around the streets and lanes to make rules about attendance and wages. Many lawyers interviewed by reporters from China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily stated that such operations are legal and not uncommon. For example, many companies outsource canteen, cleaning, security and other tasks to specialized companies or organizations. They are indeed better at doing these tasks at a lower cost.
Ele.me and Meituan did not use outsourcing from the beginning. In fact, before the end of 2015, Ele.me and Meituan mostly directly signed labor contracts with riders, paid them directly, and paid them social security. They even provide free electric bicycles, clothes, hats and other equipment, and in some cases, they still pay wages as usual during riding injuries. After that, for the sake of reducing labor costs and other considerations, they outsourced all the riders under their command.
In the view of Zhicheng’s director Tong Lihua, “This is a well-designed system” whose purpose is to clear one’s own responsibilities so that when disputes, accidental injuries and other problems arise in the future, they will not be responsible for the riders. Since then, the rider is no longer the company’s heavy labor cost “burden”, which is in line with the current logic of many Internet companies “paying attention to assets, pursuing high gross profit, and marginal effect” operation, and it is easier to gain investors’ favor.
Companies that provide flexible labor services for food delivery platforms are getting bigger and bigger. One of them, Quhuo, was listed in the United States in 2020. Some people commented on it as “China’s largest contractor” and “the shadow of a food delivery giant.” Quhuo disclosed a data in its prospectus, which saved 40% of the operating cost for each order of the food delivery platform.
“The reason why it is elaborate design is because they not only achieved the goal, but under the current legal system, we can’t fault it.” Tong Lihua explained. “It is equivalent to taking advantage of the law. This model has advantages and no disadvantages to the foreign sales platform, but for the rider, the protection of their rights and interests is quietly and greatly weakened.”
Regardless of motivation, this behavior of the food delivery company objectively made it more difficult for riders to defend their rights. When an accident occurs, the rider is faced with a long list of companies, which one should he use for labor relationship determination? The question no longer has a clear answer as before 2016.
Long litigation and unrecoverable compensation
How often do riders encounter accidents? There is no public authoritative data yet.
According to data released by the Traffic Police Headquarters of the Shanghai Public Security Bureau, in the first half of 2017, there were 76 road traffic accidents involving casualties in the food delivery industry in Shanghai, and three riders from Ele.me and Meituan died as a result. Ele.me and Meituan’s public data show that the riders working in Shanghai account for about 6% of the total number of riders in the country. That is to say, at least 50 riders may have died in traffic accidents across the country that year, and more than 2500 road traffic accidents occurred. . This is the data from 4 years ago. In the past 4 years, the total annual takeout orders across the country have increased from about 7 billion orders to about 17 billion orders.
Zhang Zhiyou, the lawyer who was in charge of the Shao Xinyin case, told China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily that as lawyers, it is difficult for him and other colleagues to judge which company Shao Xinyin’s labor relationship belongs to. The only way he can think of is to try one by one in labor arbitration.
This is a long process. The process of labor arbitration is very close to that of litigation. Materials need to be submitted, waiting for the hearing, and there are also first and second instances. Zhang Zhiyou told reporters that if things go well, labor arbitration will take several months. Even if the company loses the labor arbitration, it can continue to go to the court to sue. This is just a see-saw process with a certain company. If there are many companies involved, the time required to complete the entire process is several years, which is time-consuming, laborious, and costly for the rider.
When this marathon-like lawsuit finally comes to an end, the court finally ruled that the rider won the case and should be compensated, and the rider may also encounter difficulties in enforcement. Some outsourcing companies related to riders have extremely low registered capital. When serious incidents occur, the companies themselves are faced with survival problems and cannot protect the basic rights and interests of riders.
During the investigation, Zhicheng found that there are 904 related companies with registered capital data on the Tianyancha platform, 84 with registered capital of less than RMB 500,000, and 553 without actual capital payment. In addition, the operating status of 163 companies has been shown to be cancelled or revoked.
For example, the registered capital of Yufengda Electronic Commerce Co., Ltd., which is associated with Ele.me, is only 50,000 yuan and has not yet been paid in. The company has been listed as a dishonest person twice in the first half of 2021. Jiangsu Lion Service Outsourcing Co., Ltd., one of Meituan Waimai’s service companies, has been enforced twice and has been punished for failing to file taxes in time. In December 2020, the Chongqing court ruled that two local outsourcing companies should pay double the salary of the 85 riders they managed, but their registered capital was only 150,000 yuan and 1 million yuan, and they were all listed after the judgment. It is a person who is untrustworthy and has a non-fulfillment ratio of 99.9%.
The judgement document also shows that many of these companies have cooperation agreements with food delivery platforms for less than a year, even shorter than the time for some riders to protect their rights through legal procedures.
Tong Lihua has been engaged in the rights protection of migrant workers since 2003 and has seen many complicated cases. However, when Shao Xinyin lost the first instance, she still felt deep despair. He did not understand that, from the simple point of view of fairness and justice, when an accident occurs to a worker, no matter how many companies there are and how complicated the legal relationship is, there should always be a company responsible for it. He is even more unacceptable that these outsourcing companies are actually just “puppets” and “bags”, and the food delivery platform as a rule maker can actually stay out of the picture in most cases.
In a lawsuit, it is more dignity and justice
To some extent, Shao Xinyin is “lucky”.
The difficulty he faces is that the object of labor relationship determination is difficult to determine. At least in the first round of arbitration, his labor relationship was confirmed to exist. For more than half of the millions of takeaway riders, the existence of their labor relations in the legal sense is a problem, and there are more obstacles to their rights protection.
The current takeaway rider work mode is roughly divided into two types, special delivery and crowdsourcing.
Shao Xinyin is the former, that is, the riders are managed uniformly, have clear daily working hours and monthly working days, and accept the mandatory dispatch of the system; the latter does not have these constraints, and accept orders when they want to receive orders. There is no mandatory dispatch of the system. , Often need to grab the order yourself.
Crowdsourcing riders are generally not considered by judges to have a labor relationship with the company due to their relative freedom of work and not subject to labor management by the employer. They only have an equal civil liability relationship with the company, which means that they are not considered as labor law. The “workers” under this category cannot be protected as workers’ rights and interests. If disputes such as wages, social security, and resignation occur, they are not protected by the labor law. In the event of an accident at work, they cannot receive subsidies in accordance with the Work Injury Insurance Regulations, and cannot receive medical treatment for work-related injuries, as well as compensation for lost work expenses and disability allowances.
Tong Lihua told reporters that basically only when they have a serious accident, the court may penetrate the entire legal arrangement to confirm their labor relationship.
There are also companies that use the criteria for determining labor relations to ask them to sign a contracting agreement, cooperation agreement or part-time agreement when the rider is hired, and insert “can not work at any time” or “can be part-time” in the entry document that does not meet the actual situation. Clauses, these operations may lead the court to directly determine that there is no labor relationship between the two parties.
Ele.me and Meituan started recruiting crowdsourced riders in October 2015 and December 2015, respectively. According to a report from Yunlian Media in 2019, Ele.me’s distribution business experts said that hummingbird delivery and hummingbird crowdsourcing each account for 50% of the entire hummingbird system. According to a work report issued by the International Labor Organization at the end of 2020, crowdsourcing accounted for 60% of Meituan’s take-out workers. This means that more than half of the riders working for the two major takeaway platforms are in a situation where it is difficult to be recognized as a labor relationship.
Tong Lihua is not satisfied with this status quo. In his view, the relationship between crowdsourced riders and the company should not be considered as having only a civil liability relationship. “Economically speaking, they are extremely dependent on the company. Many people may only work for a certain platform, and their working hours are no less than that of dedicated riders. But in the event of labor disputes or accidents, their rights and interests are very different. It’s hard to maintain.”
A crowdsourcing rider interviewed by the reporter said that the form of crowdsourcing seems to be free, but it actually forces him to work hard through wage calculation rules in disguise. He introduced that the platform will launch an “incentive plan” from time to time. If only a small number of orders are sent every day or every month, the income per order is very low. If the number of orders required by the plan can be completed, the income per order will be greatly increased. But to meet the requirements, the working hours may be about the same as that of special delivery, and “good orders” (that is, easy-to-deliver, high-paying orders-reporter’s note) are often given priority to special delivery riders.
Xu Miao, a researcher from Zhicheng who participated in the survey, told reporters that many riders are in fact completely dependent on the platform for income, and their working hours even exceed the labor law’s “average working hours of no more than 40 hours per week”.
In her research, she also found that in recent years, Meituan and Ele.me have respectively launched the “Happy Running” and “Optimization” modes. The former set more stringent requirements on riders’ daily orders and working hours than ordinary crowdsourcing. Standards. “Their labor status is close to that of a delivery rider. To some extent, the takeaway platform is testing the boundaries of labor relations.”
Fu Mao, a lawyer who has worked at Zhicheng for many years, is also dissatisfied with the status quo. The platform has used outsourcing to achieve the purpose of de-labor relations, and outsourcing companies may also have behaviors that exploit the interests of riders in the middle. However, he believes that it is also inappropriate for crowdsourced riders and companies to be identified as labor relations. “At least under the current legal framework, it does not fully meet the requirements for identifying labor relations. This form of employment is indeed consistent with the standard and traditional Labor relations are different. We need to see the legislative process. Our country’s labor law was promulgated in 1994. At that time, the work was basically in factories and workshops, and there was nocell phoneAnd the Internet. But with the development of the times, legislation needs to keep up in time and keep pace with the times. “
In order to deal with this employment model that “neither fully conforms to the identification of traditional labor relations nor civil relations of equal subjects”, on July 16, 2021, 8 departments including the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security jointly issued the “Regarding Maintenance of New Employment Forms” The “Guiding Opinions on Labor Security Rights and Interests of Workers” puts forward the concept of “not fully conforming to the conditions for establishing labor relations”, and tries to give some workers basic rights, such as minimum wage standards, occupational safety, right to rest, and social insurance. However, how to define this relationship, and what kind of rights it enjoys, still need to be further explained and explained.
After Shao Xinyin’s story was reported, Zhicheng received many similar cases, and many people came to consult. Some people limped and said that they hadn’t received compensation, and some couldn’t get their salary and couldn’t go home for the New Year. Tong Lihua often thinks of the Spring Festival 10 years ago, when a migrant worker answered his wife’s phone call in front of him, and the woman on the other end said loudly, “If you don’t get the money, you will die outside.”
In his mind, migrant workers are a group of disadvantaged groups with a relatively low level of education, and they are also in need of legal “emergency” and “specialist” services most. Although the salary owed may not be as high as the cost of litigation, he still has to fight, “They put feelings into the money, which is not only economic benefits, but also dignity and justice.”
In response to the rider problem, Tong Lihua hopes that the legislature will formulate laws and regulations as soon as possible to adapt to the new problems of the new era. He and his colleagues also wrote the “Legal Research Report on Employment Models of Food Delivery Platforms.”
The legal patch should be hit
Where is the dilemma facing Shao Xinyin?
In Shi Fumao’s view, layered subcontracting is not a new problem. Since the end of the 1990s, workers in many factories have been subcontracted layer by layer, and various enterprises have also used outsourced personnel. This phenomenon still exists on a large scale in various industries. Various industries; flexible employment is not a new issue, and there were many freelancers in the past. But when the outsourcing model meets new business formats and new platform models, new problems arise.
In order to improve efficiency, enterprises adopt outsourcing, flexible employment and other forms, Shi Fumao expressed his understanding. “The company is for the purpose of making profits. There is nothing wrong with obtaining more benefits in accordance with the law, so that the company can become bigger and stronger. Since outsourcing is not illegal, we should tolerate the outsourcing of food delivery platforms, but it must be regulated. Diligence and wealth are the foundation of the Chinese people. Faith. For fairness and justice, the law should protect the basic rights of workers.”
In the 16 years since 2004, he has represented more than 2,000 cases of protecting the rights and interests of employees. The situation in front of him reminded him of the most frequently handled rights protection cases of migrant workers in the construction industry in the past. In the construction industry, construction units will contract out projects to general construction contractors. General construction contractors may outsource some of these projects to other professional companies or labor service companies, and labor service companies hire migrant workers to participate in construction through contractors. Outsourcing projects through contractors is illegal but has always been a common phenomenon. In the legal sense, there is no labor relationship between migrant workers and contractors and labor service companies, while migrant workers in the construction industry, like takeaway riders, are more likely to have accidents at work.
In order to protect the basic rights of migrant workers in the construction industry, the former Ministry of Labor and Social Security has issued a number of notices and interim measures, stipulating that when companies illegally outsource their engineering (business) or management rights, they should bear the responsibility for paying off the wages in arrears and assume the main responsibility for the employment. Shi Fumao explained that this is equivalent to stipulating that when a contractor is in arrears with wages, the enterprise must also bear the responsibility, and migrant workers can receive work-related injury insurance benefits in the event of injury. The Construction Law enacted in 1998 prohibits contractors from dismembering all the construction projects they contract and then subcontracting them to others in the name of subcontracting, that is, prohibiting the occurrence of subcontracting at various levels.
In 2006, the former Beijing Municipal Bureau of Labor and the Beijing Municipal Construction Committee further proposed a “one-off lump-sum payment” system in the form of red-head documents, requiring migrant workers to pay in full before the start of work, and link it with the construction permit.
“Maybe the takeaway rider industry can also refer to the construction industry, and on some issues refer to labor relations.” Shi Fumao said.
In terms of wage payment, you can refer to the “Regulations on Wage Deposits for Migrant Workers in the Engineering Construction Field” that came into effect on November 1, 2021. Platform companies store wage deposits in accordance with regulations, which are specifically used to pay riders’ wages in arrears. Shi Fumao believes that the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security should issue special regulations as soon as possible to standardize the wage bond system for platform companies, catering services and other fields. Regardless of whether outsourcing, whether there is a labor relationship, wages and benefits should be guaranteed.
He also noted that, based on Article 92 of the Labor Contract Law, “If the employing unit causes damage to the dispatched worker, the dispatching unit and the employing unit shall bear joint and several liability for compensation.” The courts in some regions will require The take-out platform bears joint and several liability, “This situation can be promoted. The Supreme Law can issue guidance or typical cases after the judgment, so that the courts in various places can refer to it. The point is that the law should define this new employment model as soon as possible. Patches need to be patched.”
Tong Lihua thinks of the changes in the labor dispatch system since the introduction of the labor dispatch system in the past 20 years. The labor dispatch system first appeared in 1999, and he has often received related cases since he started his career. Due to the imperfect rules and regulations at that time, many companies took advantage of the loopholes and violated the rights of workers. The most famous of these is the 2006 “Migrant Workers Sued KFC Case”.
At that time, Xu Yange, an employee who had worked at KFC for 11 years, was fired for a work error. He should be compensated according to the actual number of years of work. However, KFC continued to change outsourcing companies, allowing employees to re-sign labor contracts many times, so that they can only get less compensation when they leave. And KFC’s approach did not violate the law at the time.
Shi Fumao is one of the main lawyers involved. He recalled to reporters, “Before the lawsuit, I knew we would lose. But we still have to fight because we all think it’s wrong.” In the end, through a massive lawsuit, KFC finally agreed to pay compensation and announced publicly. Stop using labor dispatch workers in the mainland, solve all problems similar to Xu Yange, and admit that they have worked for KFC for all the years, which directly benefited at least thousands of workers who worked for KFC. Although under the law at the time, KFC was not at fault. In the following many years, a large number of enterprises still used labor dispatch workers.
“The court ruled that we lost the case. KFC was not wrong and did not violate the Chinese law. It may not want to lose the Chinese market, so it finally apologized publicly. I think it is not illegal to be hungry, and it cannot be said that it is illegal to violate the interests of workers. Didn’t the law blame others? But big companies should have more social responsibilities and responsibilities. At that time, the KFC case promoted the legislation of the labor dispatch system, and Shao Xinyin’s case could also urge the formulation of the new law.”
After the KFC case, the labor dispatch system has undergone many revisions and improvements. For example, the determination of the number of working years will not be affected by the re-signing of the contract. ) Or alternative jobs, and the number of dispatched workers shall not exceed 10% of the total number of workers. Tong Lihua clearly felt that with the improvement of the rules and regulations, they received fewer and fewer similar cases. “In the past, labor dispatch was popular, and then the system was perfected. Now labor outsourcing is popular.” Shi Fumao joked.
Tong Lihua hopes that the problems faced by takeaway riders can be resolved in a similar way as soon as possible. “The fastest way is for the Supreme Law to issue guidelines to define new forms of flexible employment represented by the issue of takeaway riders. Later, legislation can be gradually improved and gradually improved.”
“This can also solve the problem of inconsistency in the judgments of courts in various regions.” Tong Lihua explained to reporters that although China has only one labor law, it is a law with a strong regional nature. When specific localities implement it, they can be based on local actual conditions. For example, in some places, when workers suffer accidental injuries, they can receive both work-related injury compensation and civil compensation at the same time, while others cannot.
On the issue of riders, courts in different regions have different understandings. Zhicheng’s research shows that the labor relationship recognition rate for special riders varies greatly in different regions: in Beijing, Guangdong and other places, the labor relationship recognition rate is higher, exceeding 90%, while in Tianjin and Shaanxi, the number is only 23%. 42%. In addition, some areas with a low rate of labor relations recognition are places where there are a large number of labor rights cases dedicated to riders and the registration places of outsourcing companies are concentrated.
Xu Miao has been involved in the Shao Xinyin case since joining Zhicheng. She often thinks that if it is changed to a Beijing court, the result may be different. Reminiscing about the regulations that “the party who loses the labor arbitration can go to the court to sue” and that Dias immediately went to the Chongqing court to sue after losing the labor arbitration in Beijing, she realized that when Shao Xinyin happily got the labor arbitration award in Beijing At that moment, his failure was doomed.
What does a tick or “agree” mean
From the direct hiring of riders on the takeaway platform to subcontracting on one, two or more layers, the platform gradually strips off the labor costs and employment risks brought by riders. In this process, the labor relationship identification rate of the special delivery riders was reduced from 100% to about 50%. The labor relationship identification rate of the food delivery platform was less than 1%, and the accountability rate was less than 15%. The intermediate platform also passed through layers. Outsourcing reduced the labor relationship identification rate from 81.62% to 46.89%.
However, Xu Miao found in his research that outsourcing is not the end, and a large number of riders are registered as individual businesses. The specific operation is that the platform cooperates with the flexible labor platform. The flexible labor platform registers the dedicated rider as an individual industrial and commercial household, and allows the dedicated rider to sign a contract agreement with the flexible labor platform in the name of the individual industrial and commercial household.
“When a rider becomes an individual business owner, the nature of the problem is completely different.” Xu Miao explained. “In this case, his relationship with the takeaway platform or intermediate platform is no longer an employment relationship, but a contractual or cooperative relationship. The court may no longer treat him as a worker, but as a partner of the platform.”
When a rider becomes an individual business owner, his status as a “worker” is deprived in certain court judgments. Companies can openly refrain from paying social security for them and purchase insurance to avoid employment risks. Their wages will also become expense costs, which can be used as input deductions to reduce tax costs. But in fact, becoming a self-employed business does not make the riders have a more free state of work, and their work content and intensity have not changed in the slightest. Some of them did not know this, and more did not know what they meant by tick or “agree”.
Rider Yang Xiongwei encountered such a dilemma. After becoming a dedicated rider, he became an individual industrial and commercial household No. 94519 registered in Yushan Town, Kunshan City, Jiangsu Province. At the beginning of this year, he took the company to court because of a resignation dispute, but the court held that he was an individual business and not a laborer, and did not receive the compensation he deserved, even the social security that the company did not pay for him.
According to Zhicheng’s survey, there are currently more than 1.9 million self-employed businesses (that is, suspected self-employed riders) whose business scope includes takeaway delivery services, and the number is increasing at a rate of about 10,000 per day. Among them, the number of suspected self-employed riders on the Haohuo platform is the most, up to 814,400; the number of subscribed live platforms is next, with the number of 498,600. These self-employed businesses are often very concentrated. For example, in the industrial park of Qinzhou City, Guangxi, there are 140,000 self-employed riders.
Haohuo platform introduced its advantages on its official website, “helping the supply side of the Internet platform to quickly transform into a commercial entity, signing e-commerce contracting agreements, and fundamentally cracking down on the hidden dangers of labor relations… Internet companies and individual industrial and commercial households are neither The labor relationship is not a labor relationship, but a commercial cooperation relationship. Enterprises can reduce labor costs such as taxation and social security by more than 30%.” The Economics Institute of the School of Social Sciences of Tsinghua University analyzed in its “The Development Status, Social Impact and Policy Recommendations of the Gig Economy in the Internet Era” that such platforms can “solve the tax legal compliance problems of gig workers… through help Gig workers change their identities to realize the formalized management of their income taxation”.
Shi Fumao believes that relevant departments can restrict the forms and qualifications of individual industrial and commercial households. For example, it is stipulated that the use of business outsourcing and individual industrial and commercial households by platform companies cannot exceed a certain proportion, or it is directly stipulated that the main business of platform enterprises cannot use outsourcing or individual industrial and commercial households. form. At the same time, we must vigorously popularize the law, and even require riders to know the relevant conditions before becoming individual businesses.
In order to better protect the rights and interests of workers, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security issued “Measures to Promote the Healthy Development of New Employment Forms” in September this year, requiring platform companies to assume corresponding responsibilities and enhance protection for work-related injuries and occupational injuries, judicial organs and arbitration The organization determines the relationship between the enterprise and the employee based on the employment facts.
Among the workers in this new form of employment, takeaway riders may be the most eye-catching one, and they have their iconic colors in the streets and alleys. There are many more professions, such as courier delivery workers, platform domestic workers, convenience store employees, online car-hailing drivers… each of them is a huge group of millions or even tens of millions, and their basic rights as workers are often Be violated. But to a certain extent, they are a group of people who have no choice.educate, Restricted by the growth background, the current occupation is the only option that can earn enough income in the big city.
After the serious accident two and a half years ago and the unresolved labor arbitration, Shao Xinyin returned to Beijing, returned to the food delivery industry, and returned to the platform where he was once invisible after the accident. Walk like people. Shao Xinyin has a wife, two children and elders in his hometown in rural Hebei who need to support him. In September this year, a few weeks before the labor arbitration was held, he returned to his hometown to pick up chestnuts.
This time, he chose to become a crowdsourced rider because he can choose a single without climbing stairs. While running through the streets and alleys of Beijing, Shao Xinyin was still anxiously waiting for the results, waiting for the compensation that should have been received two years ago.