After Google released the Pixel 6 series that did not have much attention last week, the official version of Android 12 was finally released. Unlike the Pixel 6 that just went on sale, Android
The 12 version update has actually been released in various preview/test versions throughout the past year; from the first Android 12 released in February
Starting from the Developer Preview version, Android 12 has gone through five beta test versions and three earlier developer preview versions.
The entire test plan spans as long as eight months before and after-this is not counting the period of time when the new theme engine style in Android 12 was exposed in the early stage.
From this perspective, Android 12 is not only the most ambitious update of Android in recent years, but also a gradual version iteration process. In the eight Android 12 betas released in the past, various new features are gradually finalized.
These changes include major changes in the style of the system, as well as the refurbishment of the existing structure of the small component system; there are more customized features for large-screen devices; these will be Android. The next year will be more and more. The updated content that appears.
If you don’t know much about this, then through the introduction of this article, I believe you can have a clearer understanding of the changes in Android 12.
Perhaps you already know: In Android 12, the biggest change in the UI interface is actually the big change in the overall design style. From the theme engine color mechanism to the global coverage of the system, it can be said to be the most changed content in the history of Android once.
In the history of Android’s twelve major version updates, there are actually only three such major changes, and they all have a unified name-“Texture Design” (Material Design). The style design in Android 12 is Material Design 3.0. , Also known as Material You.
And before Androidcell phoneThe theme system that users are already familiar with is different. The color engine management in Material You can extract the current two main colors/six different colors of the wallpaper and apply them as the color matching of most of the system default elements in the Android system.
In addition to being more “colorful”, the animation effects in the system have also been significantly changed compared to the previous generation; more non-linear animations are added, and the feedback between the animation and the physical operation is emphasized: for example, the ripple animation when the mobile phone is on the screen. It will gradually extend from the power button to the entire screen, and if the face recognition is unlocked, the same starting point of the ripple animation becomes the top of the screen.
In Android 12, this theme engine rooted at the bottom of the system can apply the theme colors extracted from the system to every detail from desktop icons, notification bar buttons to mobile phone startup screens. At the same time, Android 12 also opens up an API for application developers to apply this new theme effect, and any application developer can apply this theme system to their own applications. Users only need to set it once to get a highly consistent design style experience across the system.
Seeing this, I believe you can also understand the meaning of the naming of Material You: the reason why it is called “You” actually also includes the hope that users will use different combinations of theme colors to make the system express uniqueness according to their own style and preferences. It’s your own style.
Regarding the trend of Android widgets, in fact, we have also written a special article to discuss this matter before. The “revival” of mobile desktop widgets is actually not a new thing on Android, and what has been done in Android 12. Just “renovate” the old Android widgets.
At present, a series of new widgets appearing in Android 12 are mainly composed of the system’s own and first-party application services launched by Google. In addition to the same Material You design style, it can also automatically switch the interface according to the system’s light/dark color mode. Colors, and large-area circles and rounded rectangles are commonly used as design styles.
In addition, Google has also released a new widget system adaptation guide for developers, redefining many small component design details that have long been neglected in the old version of the Android system: including interactive elements, in different sizes of display screens. The style displayed on the device, and the necessary information that the widget should display to the user, etc., are covered in the Android 12 widget development guide.
Under the guidance of this adaptation specification, the small component system we finally saw in Android 12 is still composed of various strange styles, but it still maintains a consistent design style as a whole, and it does not appear. Because the design of a single small component is too abrupt, causing the entire desktop to look uncoordinated.
Unlike iOS 14 which forces all widgets to be rounded rectangles, the redesigned widget system in Android 12 is exploring another set of design styles; if it is said that iOS relies on uniform shapes to ensure that widgets will not be overwhelmingly affected Desktop layout, Android 12 is through the unity of design style, without sacrificing the functionality of small components, while making the visual style of the desktop more coordinated.
Large screen customized version: Android 12L
A week after the official version of Android 12 was pushed, Google unexpectedly announced an unexpected Android 12 update: Android 12L (Large Screen) customized for large-screen devices will also be launched recently.
In essence, Android 12L is still part of Android 12, not a separate operating system update: this special code name is just to emphasize a series of improvements added in Android 12 to optimize the use of large-screen devices; when the system detects the device screen After it is greater than 600dp, various features in this mode will be automatically applied in Android 12.
In Android 12L, in addition to the various new features in Android 12, various system interface layouts are designed to use horizontal screen space: for example, the lock screen interface is divided into a two-column design of [time-notification information]. The notification center has become the design of [Shortcut Button-Notification Information], with more information displayed in the horizontal screen, repairing the design of the Android phone notification bar that has been criticized for a long time on the Android tablet.
In order to allow Android users to drag the application to open the split screen mode, Android 12L also added a similarWindows11/MacOS’s bottom application menu bar, but the current demonstration of this mode can’t achieve similarSamsung/HuaweiThe function of free window/three applications simultaneous display of the folding screen mobile phone system.
The above-mentioned similar optimization, in fact, before the official launch of Android 12, Samsung, Huawei and other veteran tablet manufacturers have made many effective attempts. However, native Android is leading the release of a set of general development guidelines for application developers to enrich the application ecology of Android tablets. This is the significance of the official Android 12 launch of customized operation logic for large screens.
In addition to folding screen phones and Android tablets-such as the Galaxy Z Fold series and Lenovo Xiaoxin Pad series tablets, in the future, dual-screen phones with Android 12 will be upgraded-MicrosoftSurfaceDuo 2, may also rely on the Android 12L update after the optimization of the large-screen operation to further enhance the interactive experience between the dual screens.
When will I receive the update?
Although it is only a matter of time before Android 12 as the bottom layer of the operating system appears on more Android phone manufacturers, the progress of adapting their own phones/functions to their own phones/functions on the code based on Android 12 is very different, and very few models can even grab it. Google’s own Pixel phones received the new version of Android 12 before, and more of it received the belated system bottom-level update a year after the official version of Android was updated.
In China, customized Android systems similar to MIUI and ColorOS have actually launched a version adaptation plan based on Android 12 early. The first batch of ColorOS 12 that adapts to Android 12 will also be released in 2021.OPPO,Realmeas well asOnePlusIncluding several models,MilletThe three models of the 11 series have also successively begun the internal beta update test of MIUI 12.5 based on Android 12, and Samsung’s OneUI 4.0 has also begun to be pushed to Galaxy S21 series users.
After these pre-tested models, the optimization and tuning of each system based on Android 12 will gradually become stable and easy to use, and will eventually begin to push for existing released models in 2022. Of course, the flagship phones released by these first-tier manufacturers in the spring of 2022 will basically be pre-installed with a system based on Android 12 customization.
But in terms of functionality, not all of the new features added in Android 12 are unfamiliar. For example, some new features added in Android 12: such as the system-level global search that can penetrate into the app to grab information. In fact, Domestic custom systems such as MIUI have also been added.
At the same time, the long screenshot function mentioned in Android 12 by foreign media many times is not a new feature for domestic third-party Android systems. Instead, Android 12, which has just added this feature, has limited usage scenarios. More, the realization effect is also far behind the domestic custom system.
Of course, for the current situation of domestic Android manufacturers generally adopting customized Android systems, many new features added in Android 12 will not completely appear in the system update; but the contents including the small component system and privacy authority management will still be the same. join in. For mobile phone brands that use native Android as the default system: the Android 12 update updated by manufacturers including Sony, Moto, and HMD will be closer to the form shown by the native Android 12.
Even though Android 12 shows us a better Android, it is more like a “model house” in the actual user experience. Whether it is a large screen optimization or a small component system, Google alone promotes these standards. In the end, the results were minimal. These problems native to Android are not easily solved by Google’s release of a few developer manuals.
For native Android, there is still a long way to go to make the best of these changes shown in Android 12.