Shi Jianzhong pointed out that CNKI has been in a leading position for a long time in the types and quantities of Chinese academic literature, the number of journals, the quantity and quality of exclusive journals, the scale and coverage of users, the degree of user dependence, and market sales. Unfair format terms are set in literature collection and service agreements, and prices for procuring academic literature or selling knowledge digitized products are hardly constrained by competition. According to the analysis, it can be basically determined that CNKI has a dominant market position.
He also wrote that CNKI has signed exclusive agreements with a large number of journals and universities, restricting them from cooperating with other third-party academic literature database service platforms, locking in upstream high-quality academic resources, artificially creating knowledge flow barriers, and making other competitors It is difficult to compete fairly with them, which affects the sharing and dissemination of knowledge. At the same time, CNKI obtained super-high profits by collecting at low prices and selling at high prices. In the absence of justifiable reasons, the price of databases has been greatly increased for many years, which has increased the burden on users and harmed the interests of consumers. CNKI’s above-mentioned actions undermined the fair competition order in the relevant market, hindered the dissemination of academic literature and knowledge sharing, damaged the ecological environment of knowledge innovation, deviated from the original intention of building “China’s knowledge infrastructure project”, and triggered the national academic community,educateIt is a great worry for the world, the publishing industry, and the book industry.
How many institutions can bypass CNKI? Peng Mei News noticed when inquiring on the China Government Procurement Network that the library of Sichuan Preschool Teachers College recently explained the single-source procurement of CNKI series database projects of CNKI, and also disclosed the number of exclusive cooperation units, user scale and coverage, etc.
According to the relevant procurement announcement, as of January 2022, the “CNKI series database of CNKI” has included more than 8,500 academic journals, with a literature volume of more than 60 million, and a complete rate of 99% for the number of issues/number of papers; 1,900 core journals are included. The integrity rate of core journals and important evaluative database source journals is higher than 95%; the integrity rate of other academic journals is higher than 93%.
As of January 2022, CNKI has collected more than 481,000 doctoral dissertations. Among them, 241 training units have exclusive cooperation with CNKI; including 16 “first-class universities” and 63 “first-class disciplines”, accounting for 38% of the total number of “first-class universities” and “first-class disciplines”. 45%. It includes doctoral dissertations from 507 doctoral training units (except those involving state secrecy), accounting for 99% of my country’s doctoral training units. The coverage rate of dissertations in “first-class universities” and “first-class disciplines” construction universities has reached 100%. In terms of master’s thesis, as of January 20, 2022, CNKI has collected more than 4.806 million master’s thesis. Among them, 464 training units have exclusive cooperation with CNKI; including 16 “first-class universities” and 63 “first-class disciplines”, accounting for 38% of the total number of “first-class universities” and “first-class disciplines”. 45%. It includes master’s thesis of 787 master’s training units (except those involving state secrecy). The coverage rate of dissertations in “first-class universities” and “first-class disciplines” construction universities has reached 100%.
The procurement announcement also stated that the “CNKI series database of CNKI” has achieved priority digital publishing and online first publishing, and the speed of document update and output has been further accelerated. Enhanced publishing, data publishing and co-creation publishing have made resources more valuable and authoritative. To sum up, “CNKI series database of CNKI” is currently the only full-text database that can provide journals, doctoral and master theses, conference papers, newspapers, and higher education periodicals at the same time. It is a knowledge service platform for construction and curriculum construction needs, so the product is unique.
In fact, many colleges and universities still plan or have purchased CNKI databases from a single source in the near future.
For example, on May 7, the China Government Procurement Network announced the single-source procurement publicity of Dalian Maritime University’s CNKI database service procurement project, and the project budget amounted to 990,000 yuan.
According to the announcement, the database meets the needs of Dalian Maritime University’s teaching and scientific research, discipline construction and personnel training, and plays an important supporting role in the development of the school and the construction of double-first-class construction. It is an indispensable resource for teaching, scientific research and academic research. necessity. The product features outstanding, exclusive and unique. The database purchased this time is a product developed by the data provider Tongfang HowNet (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd., with a single source channel. Therefore, the database can only be purchased from a single data service provider and can only be purchased from a single source.
“Today, the State Administration for Market Regulation has filed an investigation into CNKI’s suspected monopolistic behavior. We firmly support and cooperate fully.” On the afternoon of May 13, CNKI responded that the development of CNKI cannot be separated from the care and love of the party and the state. It is inseparable from the guidance and help of all walks of life, and even more inseparable from the trust and support of the majority of authors and readers. We will take this investigation as an opportunity to conduct in-depth self-examination, comprehensive self-examination, thorough rectification, operate in compliance with laws and regulations, innovate the development model, assume the social responsibility of China’s knowledge infrastructure, and strive to build CNKI into a world-class with Chinese characteristics. It promotes academic communication and exchanges, promotes national scientific and technological innovation, and provides better services for authors and readers.