Historic floods hit Pakistan, submerging a third of the country
In addition, at least 95,000 houses were destroyed, 220,000 houses were damaged, 2.3 million people were short-term or even long-term homeless, and nearly half of the cotton and more than 150,000 heads of livestock were washed away.
Pakistani Prime Minister Sharif called the floods “the worst in the country’s history”.
Shirley Lehman, Minister of Climate Change of Pakistan, said:A third of Pakistan has been flooded and it may take years to recover.
It is understood that Pakistan generally has only 3-4 monsoon rainfall cycles in previous years, but this year the monsoon season came earlier and is currently going through the 8th cycle.
This has resulted in Pakistan’s rainfall this year being almost three times the average of the past 30 years, with 784% of normal rainfall in Sindh in the southeast and 522% in Balochistan in the southwest.
At the same time, affected by global warming, a large number of glaciers in Pakistan are rapidly melting, and about 300 new glacial lakes have appeared, 33 of which may burst at any time.
More rain is expected in Pakistan heading into September, when the country has absolutely no capacity to hold more water.
It is obvious that the direct cause of the floods in Pakistan is the heavy rainfall caused by climate change, and the root cause is a series of extreme climate disasters caused by global warming.
Fengyun-3 D starMonitoring of flood water bodies in some areas of Pakistan shows that there are many flood water bodies in Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab provinces.
It is estimated that the area affected by the flood water body (red) is about 4,100 square kilometers, of which the flood water body affects about 1,920 square kilometers of cultivated land, about 1,088 square kilometers of grassland, and about 1,080 square kilometers of wasteland, affecting towns and woodlands. The area of the other land cover type is about 12 square kilometers.